8) Requires the Secretary to report to specified congressional committees on consultation with the Russian Federation on the development and implementation of enhanced cooperative research and management programs for the conservation of polar bears in Alaska and Russia. The MMPA prohibits, with certain exceptions, the "take" of marine mammals in U.S. waters and by U.S. citizens on the high seas, and the importation of marine mammals and marine mammal products into the U.S. The Service’s Jacksonville Field Office manages the Florida manatee, while the Boqueron Field Office manages the Antillean manatee. [displayText] => Reported (Amended) by the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). Authorizes the Secretary to prescribe emergency regulations if incidental lethal takes from commercial fishing operations have an immediate and significant adverse impact on a stock or species, including placing observers on vessels. Authorizes the Secretary to modify, suspend, or revoke such permits. Marine Mammal Protection Act Page 2 of 56 to protect essential habitats, including the rookeries, mating grounds, and areas of similar significance for each species of marine mammal from the adverse effect of man’s actions; (3) there is inadequate knowledge of the ecology and population dynamics of … Certain exceptions to the take prohibitions, such as for. Permits may be issued for scientific research, public display, and the importation/exportation of marine mammal parts and products upon determination by the Service that the issuance is consistent with the MMPA’s regulations. 12) Declares that nothing in this Act is intended to alter any treaties between the United States and Indian tribes. The polar bear, southern sea otter, marine otter, all three species of manatees, and the dugong are also concurrently listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). SEC. 2 – Congressional findings and declaration of policy The Congress finds that – (1) certain species and population stocks of marine mammals are, or may be, in danger of extinction or depletion as a result … 1361 et seq.) Requires a report to specified congressional committees on alternatives to mitigate such interactions. The Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 as Amended . 16 U.S.C. These species or stocks must not be permitted to fall below their optimum sustainable population level (depleted), Measures should be taken to replenish these species or stocks, There is inadequate knowledge of the ecology and population dynamics. Marine Mammal Protection Act What is the Marine Mammal Protection Act? Background: The U.S. Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was enacted in 1972 in response to increasing concerns that some species of marine mammals were in danger of extinction or depletion as a result of human activities such as overhunting, … This office also houses the Division of International Conservation, which is directly responsible for coordinating international activities for marine mammal species found in both U.S. and International waters, or are absent from U.S. waters. (Sec. (Sec. See also. ( [displayText] => Passed/agreed to in House: On motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill, as amended Agreed to by voice vote. The Marine Mammal Protection Act (‘MMPA’) was passed in 1972 as a response to the considerable declines in certain species of marine mammals caused by human activities. All marine mammals are protected under the MMPA. Marine mammals were in danger of diminishing, some to the point of extinction, as a result of human activities like hunting and fishing. Since 1972, the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) has played a central role in protecting and recovering some of our beloved and iconic marine mammal species: humpback and gray whales, sea otters and manatees, seals and sea lions, porpoises and dolphins. Directs the Secretary to establish independent scientific review groups representing Alaska, the Pacific coast (including Hawaii), the Gulf of Mexico, and the Atlantic coast to review proposed actions and to advise the Secretary as appropriate. The MMPA defines harassment as "any act of pursuit, torment or annoyance which has the potential to either: a. injure a marine mammal in the wild, or b. disturb a marine mammal by causing disruption of behavioral patterns, which includes, but is not limited to, migration, breathing, nursing, breeding, feeding, or sheltering." From whales to sea lions to dolphins and more, this critical law proved a game-changer upon its enactment over four decades ago and it’s certainly … Congress enacted the Marine Mammal Protection Act in 1972 (MMPA; 16 U.S.C. [description] => Introduced ), Blog – In Custodia Legis: Law Librarians of Congress, Senate - 03/23/1994 Received in the Senate. The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA or Act) prohibits, with certain exceptions, the "take" of marine mammals in U.S. waters and by U.S. citizens on the high seas, and the importation of marine mammals and marine mammal products into the U.S. The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was passed in 1972 to maintain the health and stability of the marine ecosystem. Amendments enacted in 1981 established conditions for permits to be granted to take marine mammals "incidentally" in the course of commercial fishing. 2 (16 USC 1361) Sec. 3 . (Sec. The environmental organisation Project Jonah gave the major impetus for the government to create the Act. Array In addition, the amendments provided additional conditions and procedures for transferring management authority to the States, and authorized appropriations through FY 1984. (Sec. Describes regulations to accompany the general authorization for the incidental taking of marine mammals. NMFS is publishing its final 2020 List of Foreign Fisheries (LOFF), as required by the regulation implementing the Fish and Fish Product Import Provisions of the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA). Congress passed the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) of 1972 to address concerns that certain species and population stocks of marine mammals could be in danger of extinction or depletion as a result of human activities. The Service's Marine Mammal Management office in Anchorage, Alaska is responsible for the management and conservation of polar bears, Pacific walruses, and northern sea otters in Alaska. (Sec. Directed permits are required for any proposed marine mammal scientific research activity that involves taking marine mammals. Marine mammals have proven to be resources of great international significance. An Act to protect marine mammals; to establish a Marine Mammal Commission; and for other purposes. Response. (Sec. Requires the establishment of take reduction teams to advise the Secretary on plans of reducing lethal incidental takes of marine mammals below the potential biological removal levels and on methods of reducing incidental lethal takes to insignificant levels approaching zero within five years. (. (Sec. Establishes within such Task Force a special committee to advise on management practices regarding seals interacting in a dangerous or damaging manner with aquaculture resources in the Gulf of Maine. Passage of Act . Through this act, many marine mammal lives have been saved thanks to efforts of the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and the U.S. The MMPA prohibits, with certain exceptions, the “take” of marine mammals in U.S. waters and by U.S. citizens on the high seas, and the importation of marine mammals and marine mammal … Congress found that: all species and population stocks of marine mammals are, or may be, in danger of extinction or depletion due to human activities; these mammals should not be permitted to diminish below their optimum sustainable population; measures should be taken immediately to replenish any of these mammals that have diminished below that level, and efforts should be made to protect essential habitats; there is inadequate knowledge of the ecology and population dynamics of these mammals; negotiations should be undertaken immediately to encourage international arrangements for research and conservation of these mammals. [externalActionCode] => 8000 It prohibits the "taking" of marine mammals, and enacts a moratorium on the import, export, and sale of any marine mammal, along with any marine mammal part or product within the United States. Authorizes the Secretary to enter into cooperative agreements with Alaska Native organizations to conserve marine mammals and provide comanagement of subsistence use by Alaska Natives. Final Rule for Navy’s Request for Two-Year Extension of Authorization for Military Readiness Activities (July 2020) View on Federal Register site Download File. On October 21st, 1972, the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) passed in the United States Congress and was signed into law to help establish and implement better protections for the marine mammals that call U.S. waters home. 7) Allows the use of monies in the Marine Mammal Unusual Mortality Event Fund for the care and maintenance of certain marine mammals seized under permits granted by this Act. The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), passed in 1972 with bipartisan support, is a landmark conservation law that prohibits activities that harass, hunt, capture, collect, or kill marine mammals, such as whales, dolphins, seals, and manatees. It recognizes the importance of marine mammals to the oceans and seeks to restore or maintain populations at healthy and productive levels.2 Findings and Declaration of Policy. Findings and Declaration of Policy . [description] => Passed House (1) This subsection makes the point that certain species and stocks of marine mammals may be threatened with depletion or extinction by man's uncontrolled activities. Under the MMPA, the Service is responsible for ensuring the protection of sea otters and marine otters, walruses, polar bears, three species of manatees, and dugongs. Placed on Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders. The MMPA provides for enforcement of its prohibitions, and for the issuance of regulations to implement its legislative goals. The Act defines "take" as "the act of hunting, killing, capture, and/or harassment of any marine mammal; or, the attempt at such." Above, scientists use temporary suction-cupped digital tags to determine how whales respond to ships, natural noises, and alarm stimuli. The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was the first act of the United States Congress to call specifically for an ecosystem approach to wildlife management. Authorizes appropriations for FY 1994 through 1999. 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